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Architectural design is a concept that focuses on components or elements of a structure. An architect is generally the one in charge of the architectural design. They work with space and elements to create a coherent and functional structure. Architectural design is a discipline that focuses on covering and meeting the needs and demands, to create living spaces, using certain tools and especially, creativity. Therefore, the aim is to combine the technological and the aesthetic, despite the general belief that architecture is only a technological task. In the same way, it mixes design, understood as the creative process, and architecture, which is based on the creation and presentation of solutions at a technical level.
Of course, architecture is made up of a large number of specific disciplines. We can not only keep the constructive part, but we must take into account other branches that help to create a complete project. In general, the basis of the architectural design is to know what the use of the space is, but the aesthetic aspects also intervene. This means that it is not easy to typify architectural design, in just some categories as this could be infinite: we can classify architectural design according to its use, according to its intention, its aesthetics, its technical aspects.
The examples of architectural design could also be infinite for the same reason, adding the fact that trends change a lot, reacting to many other factors. In this case, we can talk about some trends in modern architecture and design that have influenced many architects or designers when creating their projects. By seeing design as a conceptual representation, we can see that reflected in some elements. For example, in constructions with diaphanous spaces, concrete geometric forms, functional spaces, or in a specific way of using volumes. To explain this concept and provide examples, we can talk, for instance, about biophilic design. What is that exactly? It is a construction trend that brings together architecture and nature, inserting natural elements into the construction of buildings. The aim is to disconnect from urban areas through natural aspects, incorporated into the buildings themselves. Therefore, the example of biophilic design presents three essential points: the connection with nature through sensorial stimuli, the evocation of the presence of nature through the imitation of forms, or the construction of spaces that imply a sensation of calm and rest.
The first step of the design phase is the schematic design. The schematic design is where the architect gathers information on the needs, style, and wants for the project and from there the he will create two to three design options for the client to review.
In the design development, the architect will take the schematic designs and develop them to an approved design concept. Any changes the client wants to make to the design should be communicated to the architect during this phase.
Construction documents are given to a contractor for the construction of your project. An architect will put together drawings with a lot of detail on them for the contractors to follow when building.
Bidding is when the architect or client seeks a contractor for their project. They bid the job to the contractor by giving them bid documents which display details of the project. These documents include construction documents and technical specifications.
Construction begins once you’ve found a contractor you like, and you’ve settled on a design concept that fits your needs. Your architect will be in contact with your contractor throughout the duration of the construction phase to ensure that your project is being built according to the plans.